itto-logo.jpg EU emblem small
English French German Italian Portuguese Russian Spanish

The IMM 2017 survey produced a baseline for EU trade perceptions of the Indonesian FLEGT-licensing system and day-to-day management of importing licensed timber. Repetition of the same questions in 2018 now allows for comparison over time.

IMM telah merilis laporan tentang “Mitra FLEGT VPA dalam Perdagangan Kayu Uni-Eropa (UE) 2017” yang menggunakan data terbaru untuk menilai perubahan posisi pasar negara-negara mitra VPA dalam perdagangan kayu internasional. Sejak Indonesia pertama kali menerbitkan lisensi pada November 2016, inilah laporan IMM perdana yang mencakup periode ketersediaan kayu berlisensi FLEGT di pasar UE. Ini juga merupakan Laporan Tahunan IMM pertama   dimana IMM memiliki akses atasdata survei komprehensif dari seluruh koresponden di tujuh negara UE yang mencakup sebagian besar (lebih dari 90%) impor kayu tropis dan hasil hutan kayu oleh berbagai negara mitra VPA dari UE. 

Since the early 1990s, private sector actors have been taking steps to ensure that they exclude unsustainable and illegal wood from their supply chains. Private sector procurement policies are now prominent in the global North and among companies with global reach. With time, these purchasing practices are becoming more widely integrated in corporate business practices and contained within a larger sustainability and/or corporate responsibility policy often covering several other aspects. 

SMEs and micro-businesses are notoriously difficult to reach or influence at scale in any industry. Recent research in the timber industry however revealed that even a limited number of industry associations have the potential to reach thousands of micro-businesses.  It showed that twenty-five associations in eight African countries represent over 13,000 companies, with 80% defined as micro-sized.  A typical micro-business may cover a wide range of activities from small logging companies to skilled production companies, such as joinery and furniture. Many of these usually serve the local market and as such are not exposed to international market drivers.

At its January think tank International Tropical Timber Technical Association  (ATIBT) members decided on four activity ‘axes’ and discussed proposed actions and objectives under each to grow the international market for tropical timber.  However, the organisation has said that it has decided for the time being that its Fair & Precious tropical timber branding campaign will only commend certification as a tropical timber procurement criteria, and not FLEGT licensing.

Charts 1 to 6 below provide a statistical summary of EU tropical timber imports between January 2015 and November 2018 according to the status of FLEGT VPAs between tropical partner countries and the EU at the end of that period.

After a dip in 2017, EU imports of tropical wood products recovered ground in 2018. Most of the gains in 2018 were in imports from countries not engaged in the VPA process, including Nigeria, Brazil, India and China.

The EU imported 422,000 metric tonnes (MT) of wood products from Indonesia in the year ending November 2018 compared to 414,000 MT in the year ending November 2017. In value terms, EU imports from Indonesia increased from €786 million to €794 million in the same period. As the € strengthened against the US currency during this period, the increase in dollar value was even more significant, from US$864 million to US$934 million.

The key message of the latest VPA JIC meeting in Congo is that solid progress is being made to develop timber legality verification procedures in line with FLEGT requirements.

Video of IMM presentation providing an overview of the global tropical timber trade and commenting on implications for the FLEGT VPA process delivered to the Chatham House Illegal Logging Update meeting in November 2018. 

Le SIM a publié un rapport sur «Les partenaires de l'APV FLEGT dans le commerce du bois de l'UE en 2017», qui utilise les dernières données pour évaluer l'évolution de la position des pays partenaires d’un APV sur le marché dans le commerce international du bois.Etant donné que l’Indonésie a commencé à délivrer des licences en novembre 2016, c’est lepremier rapport SIM à couvrir une période durant laquelle du bois sous licence FLEGT a été disponible sur le marché de l'UE. C’est également le premier rapport annuel SIM pour lequel le SIM a pu accéder à des données d'enquêtes exhaustives provenant du réseau complet de correspondants dans les sept pays de l'UE représentant l’essentiel des ventes (soit plus de 90%) des importations de l’UE en bois tropicaux et produits dérivés en provenance des pays partenaires d’un APV.

Contribution from the EU FLEGT Facility: A new website developed by the EU FLEGT Facility  provides timber traders, specifiers, architects and retailers with information on business benefits of trading in FLEGT-licensed timber. It also demonstrates social, environmental and economic benefits that such trade brings to producer countries.